How Bartenders Steal & How We Catch Them - Hospitality Checkpoint is a Bar Theft & Service Staff Evaluation Company. We spot Bartender Theft & Evaluate Service Staff Standards.

BARTENDER THEFT: Spotting the Fingerprints of Theft

May 16, 2012 22:09 by administrator


Great Article about bartender theft written by industry leading author Robert Plotkin. If you haven’t read any of Plotkin’s book, you should. They are very informative and a must read. Here is his website:

Spotting the Fingerprints of Theft
May 8, 2012 By: Robert Plotkin

Do you have a problem with theft behind the bar? Many in the bar business do. But if you’re waiting for a rise in your pour cost to alert you to a potential problem, you may be out of luck.

Tracking pour cost has long been the accepted way of detecting bartender theft. However, there are more ways to steal from a bar that won’t have the  slightest affect on pour cost. In fact, a clever thief can steal from your bar and actually make your pour cost percentage drop.

Pour cost analyzes the relationship between cost and sales. If a bartender serves a drink and pockets the cash proceeds, he’s basically increasing cost without increasing sales, which will cause pour cost to rise. While the increase may be imperceptible, pour cost will rise. If the bartender then replaces the stolen ounce of liquor with an equal amount of water, pour cost will remain unaffected.

Substitutions are examples of a type of theft that won’t cause pour cost to rise. The scam involves a bartender making drinks with well liquor instead of call brands, charging customers call prices and pocketing the difference. Because the bartender poured well liquor and registered the transaction as a well sale, pour cost remains unaffected.

uring schemes are another example. A bartender short pours a series of four drinks by a quarter of an ounce, thereby creating a surplus ounce of liquor. The bartender then sells that shot of liquor and pockets the cash. Again, pour cost is unaffected.

While measuring your pour cost is a smart thing to do, it’s not enough. If the early detection of internal theft is important to you, there’s more you should know.

With n
early all types of theft behind the bar, one thing is certain: The cash proceeds are not ending up in the register. Regardless of the scam, the money winds up in the bartenders’ pockets. So to spot the first signs of theft, look at sales.

Bar productivity measures bartender sales per hour and is computed by dividing the shift’s gross sales by the number of hours the bartender worked. There are two aspects to tracking productivity: calculating the staff’s average sales per hour figured on a weekly basis and computing the daily sales per hour figures for each shift.

Calculating the staff’s productivity involves totaling the bar’s gross sales and dividing them by the total bartenders’ payroll hours for the week. It’s advisable to calculate the day shift’s average sales per hour separately from the night staff’s average. Because there is often a considerable difference between the two figures, calculating the day shift’s productivity separately from the night shift’s makes the analysis more relevant.

For example, if the two night bartenders rang in $6,935 in sales for the week and clocked in a combined 83 payroll hours, the staff average for the night crew works out to $83.55 per hour. During the day, the bartending staff rang-in $2,250 is sales and worked 40.5 hours for a staff average of $55.55 per hour.
The second aspect of productivity is tracking sales per hour for each shift during the week. To illustrate, two bartenders work on Thursday night. “Jim” works six hours a

nd rings in sales of $542 or $90.34 per hour. Adam, working six and a half hours at the same bar on the same night, registers sales of $442, which translates to $68.15 per hour.

Keep a journal or spreadsheet and track productivity figures for each shift on an on-going basis. After several weeks, patterns will emerge. It soon will become evident who are your sales leaders and who fall consistently short of the staff average.

Explanations for Low Productivity

If a bartender’s sales per hour come in consistently below the staff average, five things are possible. One, he may move too slowly and literally can’t keep up with de

mand. Two, he could make lousy drinks, so people don’t stick around. Three, his personality and attitude could be so off-putting that customers leave early. Four, his sales ability could be so unrefined that he consistently undersells. Or five, he could be stealing.

How do you know which it is? Take some time and observe the person. Does he move quickly and with purpose? Or is he more laid back and sluggish? If the person can’t keep up behind the bar, then you’ve identified an area in which he needs to improve.

If that’s not a problem, does it appear as if he has the necessary skills for the job? Do his drinks look good, or are they frequently returned? Does the bartender have a good personality for the job? Does it seem as if he has a positive working attitude? Does he exhibit good sales ability?
If none of these things seem to be a problem, he may be stealing. Regardless of the scam, theft takes a toll on productivity. Tracking productivity can prove to be an invaluabl
e management tool. Between pour cost and bar productivity, there isn’t a scam or fraud that you can’t catch.

Michael Zenner - CEO      
hospitality checkpoints Inc.  (blog)
Hospitality Checkpoint
PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299

Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811
© hospitality checkpoints Inc. 2012

BARTENDER THEFT - Overpouring Drinks for Larger Tips

April 27, 2012 23:13 by administrator


Bartender Summary -                    

·        Bartender – “Xxxxx” (as shown on nametag and bar receipt) female Caucasian, blond with hair up in a high pony tail, xxx feet tall, slender, approximately XX years old.                                   

Agent and associate were promptly greeted by the bartender with “hi guys, what can I get you to drink?” She was wiping down the bar refilling cups of peanuts and placed cocktail napkins in front of each of us. She was smiling energetic and upbeat.

Agent and associate ordered drinks and she immediately mixed the drinks and returned. Agent noticed that the drink was made by turning the bottle over twice and a little more. Bouncing these bottles circumvents the purpose in which they were made which delivers more alcohol than what is prescribed and therefore may constitute a bar theft occurrence. 

Xxxxx did not introduce herself to us by name but she was very friendly and outgoing. Xxxxx was not only responsible for the guests at the bar but also making the drinks for the cocktail staff and server staff in the dining room.

Agent was not able to tell exactly when Xxxxx rang up the drinks as we were not given a receipt at any time during the visit. Agent noticed that none of the guests at the bar had a receipt in front of them.

Agent recommends using the make a drink ring a drink policy and placing the receipt in front of the guest in a small glass. This will ensure that all drinks are accounted for. Especially in the event when there are other employees behind the bar.

Agent and associate ordered another round of drinks and each time the drinks were placed on white cocktail napkins but not immediately rang up.

Agent and associate later ordered dinner and Xxxxx immediately turned and went to the POS and rang in the order. Prior to the food arriving (20 min. later) Xxxxx placed napkins and silverware and salt and pepper shakers on the bar.

Xxxxx seemed to work well with the other staff and was very personable with all the guests at the bar especially the men.

Listed below are some general observations agent made during the visit;

Xxxxx use the ice scoop to make every drink except for glasses of water which were in plastic cups, she scooped the cup directly into the ice.

Xxxxx was very attentive in offering additional drinks for everyone at the bar and refilling waters. (See food and beverage section)

Agent was able to observe every drink poured. Xxxxx tips the bottle a minimum of two times for each drink sometimes up to four and even five times.

Xxxxx left the bar unattended many times and agent observed the cocktail server ( female Caucasian blonde hair in bun) coming behind the bar each time Xxxxx left as well as a couple servers from the dining room coming behind the bar to retrieve beverage orders. Agent felt that this was rather lax and a real loop hole for possible bar theft integrity issues.

In agents opinion no one but the bartender on duty should ever be behind the bar unless it was a manager. If the bartender needs to leave the bar the staff should know that they are not allowed back there for any reason whatsoever. If the bartender needs something from the kitchen the bartender should have one of the other service staff retrieve the item for them. If the bartender needs to leave the bar unattended they should call the MOD to cover.

Xxxxx was away from the bar at about 6:44 about 5 minutes and returned with a plastic bag of a purchase from the gift shop and a small clear plastic container with fruit. She proceeded to eat the fruit during the visit, turning around away from the guests facing the POS while eating.

Michael Zenner - CEO      
Hospitality Checkpoint..  (blog)
Hospitality Checkpoint

PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299
Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811

© hospitality checkpoints Inc. 2012

10 Tips to Curb Employee Theft

March 1, 2011 16:58 by administrator

Sunday, February 27 2011

The Restaurant Blog

By John Foley

Fraud, missing cash, disappearing draft beer, and voided Vodka sales are all signs you may have a few unprofessional employees.

One perplexing observation: You can't assume your most professional employees are necessarily the most honest. True career professionals are honest. But there are also employees who seem professional but only have their own best interests in mind.

Any time you mix cash, booze, and food and leave the items unsupervised or unlocked you are going to have some degree of problems. If you add opposite sexes into the mix -- with even the slightest attraction towards each other -- it is the perfect formula for a party. It's just human nature. Owners need to accept the responsibility to address the problem.

Here are ten tips to help curb employee theft and fraud.

1). Announce your position on theft early on. During the first employee interview make sure you let potential employees know that you have a section in your employee manual dealing with theft. They need to read it and initial it. Simply stated – you prosecute. Now, do you send someone to the crowbar hotel for eating a steak? Probably not. But if they just happen to take a whole rib-eye out in the nightly bag of garbage and return later to pick it out of the dumpster, bye-bye.

2). Credit card fraud in any amount is considered a felony, and you will immediately call the police. Today, nothing is worse than being intentionally double-charged for a meal on a credit card. It revokes the trust the customer had with the restaurant and the employees.

3). Inventory is the road to financial success. Lock your liquor room. Take complete product inventory weekly. Keep a perishable list and have someone inspect the product before it is tossed and listed.

4). Your staff is not part of your family. I know this hurts, but it is true. You cannot be "one big happy family" and expect to succeed. Become a team -- winning teams work together. Families can be completely dysfunctional, and they are still a family. Families share everything in the refrigerator, the liquor cabinet, and the spare change.

Say it…"T E A M."

5). Only the house buys drinks. If you ever hear a bartender say, "This one's on me," fire them. They are working for themselves. You bought the booze wholesale; you deserve credit for the complimentary cocktail.

6). The staff meal. Everyone needs to eat.. The staff meal consists of whatever the chef wants to make within your guidelines. Set a time the staff can come early or stay late. And everyone eats the same meal -- no exceptions.

7). Do not under any circumstances allow your staff to drink at the bar after work. It seldom ends in one drink, and eventually it will cost you a lot of money, a server or two, and possibly your liquor license. Feeling gracious? Give them the money for a drink next door.

8). Have a secret shopping customer. Make sure it's a regular and someone you can trust. Have them come in on occasion to eat, drink, and spy. Pick up the tab. It will be worth it.

9). Short of silverware? Is all that being thrown away? Inventory it – quarterly.

10). It's The Art of War. Read it. If you find someone stealing, termination is a must. Bring up the incident, not the person, at your next pre-shift meeting. State your theft policy again. Drive the point of prosecution home.


Michael Zenner - CEO      
hospitality checkpoints Inc.  (blog)
Hospitality Checkpoint PLLC
PI Lic. 1597616

PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299
Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811

© hospitality checkpoints Inc. 2010


Free drinks for females, Bartender drinking alcohol behind the bar. Bartender Theft and Liquor Liability Issues

August 31, 2010 20:51 by administrator

Bartender Summary

At the start of the evaluation period, there were two bartenders and one person the agent believed to be a bar back. At Approx 9:57pm a third bartender signed in.

Bartender 1: Xxxxxxxx male with a stocky build and brown long hair that he wore pulled into a pony tail. He had a sleeve tattoo on his right arm.

Bartender 2: Xxxxxxxx male with a muscular build and a thick beard.

Bartender 3: Xxxxxxxx female with a slender physique and brown hair that she wore pulled up.

Bar back: Young Xxxxxxxx male with a slender build. He was dressed in all black. He had brown hair styled in no particular pattern.

The agent was seated at the bar and immediately approached by bartender 1. The bartender did not introduce himself, but placed two menus on the bar top and asked how the agent and associate were doing. The bartender seemed knowledgeable regarding the drink menu, but unwilling to give suggestions about food (see food and beverage summery for details).

The bartender seemed impersonal and not overtly friendly to the agent.

He made the agent’s drinks and presented the drink on a cocktail napkin with proper garnish. He went on to ask the agent for payment, and took a credit card to secure a tab.

The bartender did not promote any other drinks, other than the Moscow Mule. He also failed to ask for an alcohol preference or up sell the drink in any way (see food and beverage summery for details).

The bartender was not accessible throughout the evaluation. He was generally talking/conversing with staff members or with an attractive blond patron at the end of the bar.

At 9:40pm bartender 1 made some shots for the aforementioned blond patron and her friends. He served the shots and then pulled one back for himself. He then crouched down behind the bar and drank the shot himself. He got up and proceeded to chat with the blond and her party.

This is an Arizona Department of liquor License Control ADLLC violation. If this Hospitality Checkpoint agent would have been an ADLLC Agent, this establishment would have been levied a heavy fine.

4-244. Unlawful acts
12. For a licensee, when engaged in waiting on or serving customers, to consume spirituous liquor or for a licensee or on-duty employee to be on or about the licensed premises while in an intoxicated or disorderly condition.

The bartender did not ring in the drinks immediately. Some time later, he went to the POS and may have rung in the shots; however, agent cannot verify this and relies on the general assumption they were given away.

Agent cannot substantiate a bar theft issue, because of the layout of the POS and facility, but highly suspects it had happened.

The agent’s receipt reflected all of the items ordered, however the agent believes the bartender may not always be ringing in drinks immediately after service (please see food and beverage summary for details).

Bartenders 2 and 3 were generally seen at the other end of the bar chatting with each other until the traffic picked up around 10:00. After that point, they got to work and didn’t chat very much.

The agent had no direct contact with any other employee behind the bar.

The drink quality of drinks varied from drink to drink. The agent also noticed that no bartender was using the same pouring count and liquor pour measurements varied widely.

The bar back didn’t seem to be authorized to make drinks. He did not carry himself like the three others behind the bar. He seemed a little less confident and more focused on clearing up used glassware and dishes.

The agent did see him serve two beers out of the refrigerator at 9:55pm and ring it into the POS in the middle of the bar.

Food and Beverage Summary 



Notes from Bartender Summery:

The agent asked bartender 1 what was good to eat. The bartender responded, “I don’t know, it’s all good.” The agent persisted and the bartender finally replied, “I really like it all.”  The agent believes the bartender could have provided at least one suggestion, even if he really didn’t care. The answer was so generic it was taken as a such.

The agent went on to ask the bartender what he thought of the drink “Air Mail.” The bartender responded, “I personally think it isn’t really good. It tastes just like champagne.  I guess it’s okay if you like champagne.” He then proceeded to talk the agent out of ordering from the drink menu and suggested a Xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx.                                                                                    

The bartender did not up sell the Xxxxxxxx Xxxxxxxx. He poured well vodka. When asked what the well vodka was, the bartender said that the establishment didn’t carry a well vodka and that he was using Sky 99. The bartender rang in a “specialty cocktail” for $11.

At the end of the evaluation, the agent asked to close the tab. The bartender went to the POS and took a second to review the tab. He then turned to the agent and asked, “you had 2 Xxxxxxxxs right?”  The agent responded that he had 3 in total. The bartender punched in an additional drink and then processed the agent’s payment.

Agent would like to stress the importance of ringing drinks into the POS as soon as they are made. This is a case point of how liquor can go un-accounted for whether by mistake or intentionally by theft. Delayed rings and grouping of drink orders is many times how bartenders mask bar theft and Agent would highly suggest that management instruct the bar staff of this and hold them accountable when they fail to immediately ring in drinks. Future spotter reports can verify if this is being done.

This Agent recommends different placement of the POS system as well. 


Michael Zenner - CEO      
hospitality checkpoints Inc.  (blog)

Hospitality Checkpoint PLLC
PI Lic. 1597616

PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299
Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811

© hospitality checkpoints Inc. 2010


Bartender Theft - Free drinks for female customers - Not ringing drinks in the POS

July 23, 2010 20:56 by administrator

Bartender Services Summary:

  • Bartender 1: Female, 5’5”, African American, mid twenties, long brown hair with soft curls, thin build. Wore Black Phoenix Suns tank top, black and white striped mini skirt and black an purple striped elbow length gloves.
  • Bartender 2: Male, 6’0”, Caucasian, early twenties, ear length brown hair with thin black headband, thin build. Wore a grey Xxxxxxx Xxxxxxx brand shirt on top of long sleeve black shirt, black cargo pants and black shoes.
  • Bartender 3: Female, 5’6”, Caucasian, early twenties, shoulder length brown hair with distinct blonde and red highlights, thin build. Wore a black Phoenix Suns tank top, khaki shorts and black tennis shoes.
  • Bartender 4: Male, 5’11”, Caucasian, early thirties, short brown hair. Wore an orange and white checkered polo shirt, and khaki shorts.

Bartender one was prompt in service and pleasant but did not try to engage agent and associate in any way. Agent and associate each ordered drinks, bartender 1 returned within two minutes and immediately asked if a tab would like to be started when agent declined bartender 1 immediately ran drinks into POS system. Bartender 1 was consistent with all other patrons at bar area by serving and immediately ringing. Agent noted a grey purse right behind the cash register shown in photo to right.

Agent witnessed Bartender 2 clear tables, empty trash cans and glassware from bar area, before bartender 2 actually served a draft beer he appeared to be more of a busser than a bartender. Agent thought it to be odd that Bartender 2 was doing so much running around rather than standing at a certain post.

Bartender 3 was also prompt in service and also pleasant but again did not try to engage agent or associate in any way. Agent and associate each ordered drinks which were served promptly.

Immediately upon sitting at bar area agent noticed an open Styrofoam box of food sitting next to the POS system. Within three minutes Bartender 4 returned to area and was seen eating food behind the bar and returning to serving drinks without washing their hands. Bartender 4 closed the box of food after agent and associate sat down.

Bartender 4 was much livelier and successfully engaged agent and associate in conversation about the basketball game that had just ended. He was personable and attentive although he did not serve any drinks to agent while at the bar area. Bartender 4 was seen serving and ringing drinks immediately into the POS system or marking off tabs.

Bartender 3 was seen serving four shots to a young woman who felt very comfortable lounging in the service well area of the bar. The young woman appeared to be a friend or off duty staff member as she sat and chatted in this area for a few minutes blocking the entry to get behind the bar for bussers and other staff.

At approximately 9:33 PM Bartender 3 served the four shots to the aforementioned young woman and neglected to return to any POS system to enter the drink order.

This same young woman returned to the service well area and continued to chat while Bartender 3 fraternized, at the request of the young woman Bartender 3 then served another draft beer to the young woman and once again neglected to return to any POS system to document the order.

Agent also noted that there was a group of four men and one young woman seated at the bar that appeared to be under the age of 21. This group had previously been seated in the dining room watching the basketball game before moving to the bar area.

The young woman in the group also seemed to be a friend or off duty employee as she was very comfortable handling empty glassware at the service well area. This young woman also stayed in the service well area blocking traffic to socialize with Bartender 3 and Bartender 4 for an extended period of time. At one point this young woman who did not look like an on duty employee stepped behind the bar area next to the service well and laughed and joked with Bartender 3 and Bartender 4.

Agent also immediately noticed that all POS systems in the establishment were tilted therefore agent can only verify orders agent and associate made were accurate.

Additionally agent witnessed Bartender 3 pour from a liquor bottle that had no pour spout and was unable to determine if the pour was in fact accurate. This is the pour that Bartender 3 used to serve the four shots to the young woman who ordered at the service well and neglected to ring in the order.

For the duration that agent and associate sat at the bar area, agent noticed that there was an open energy drink can, a flat draft beer and a half full glass of water in the service well area (seen in photo to left). Agent did not see anyone drinking from these containers nor did agent see anyone clear the area. As agent was exiting the bar area agents noticed that the service well area was not cleaned, there was an assorted mix of liquid and glassware rings on the counter.

Overall the bartending staff appeared to be knowledgeable and attentive to patrons, they were quick to remove empty glassware and or food plates, but at certain points during the visit the y seem preoccupied with socializing with each other rather than bar patrons and customers.


Michael Zenner - CEO      
hospitality checkpoints Inc.  (blog)
Hospitality Checkpoint PLLC
PI Lic. 1597616

PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299
Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811

© hospitality checkpoints Inc. 2010

Bartender Theft - Free drinks for female customers - Illegal Alcohol Drinking by staff ADLLC Violations

July 16, 2010 23:29 by administrator

Bartender Summary

  • Bartender 1 - Xxxxx:  Tall Caucasian male with dark brown long, spiky hair.  He wore a black shirt and jeans.
  • Bartender 2:  Caucasian male with longer shaggy blonde hair.  He wore a black shirt and jeans.
  • Bartender 3:  Tan skinned (possibly Mediterranean or Hispanic) male with dark brown, short spiky hair and short facial hair around the chin.  He wore a black shirt, partially opened in the front, with a necklace.
  • Bartender 4:  Tan skinned (possibly Mediterranean or Hispanic) male with short spiky brown hair.  He wore a black shirt and jeans.
  • Bartender 5:  Caucasian female with tan skin and dark brown hair pulled back in a ponytail.  She wore a black skirt and top.

The agent and associate approached the bar and were greeted by Xxxxx.  Xxxxx offered the agent and associate a beverage and took the order.  Before preparing the beverages or entering the order into the POS, Xxxxx took another order from a customer standing a few feet over, and prepared the beverages all at once – grouping the drink orders together.  Upon delivery, he quoted each party a price.  The agent presented a credit card and Xxxxx took the card to hold the tab. 

The agent would suggest that management highly discourage grouping orders as such, as beverages can be mistakenly forgotten or this process can effectively be used to mask bartender theft issues.

Xxxxx worked quickly as a bartender, but frequently grouped his orders.  Because of this “grouping” of orders, Agent cannot fully substantiate theft/integrity issues with this individual process; however, it is highly likely and very much suspected.

His pouring style was consistent, as he used a 4 count pour (4 count = 1 ½ oz) for virtually all beverages observed.

Xxxxx did not attempt to upsell on liquor when the opportunity presented itself, consistently deferring to the house brands for mixed beverages. 

Furthermore, Xxxxx was not diligent about entering beverage orders into the POS following service.

At approximately 11:53 pm, Xxxxx was observed serving a beverage to a customer and did not ring an order into the POS at that time. Agent classifies this as a theft occurrence.

This was not uncommon amongst the bartenders.  Nor were other types of misconduct.

At approximately 11:45 pm, Bartender 2 was observed pouring a 6 count of liquor into a beverage.  The agent could not confirm whether the beverage was charged as a double.

At approximately 11:49 pm, Bartender 4 served a customer and did not enter the order into the POS.

At approximately 12:02 pm, Bartender 3 was observed giving two females a hug across the bar.  He then served them two free shots and did not charge them. 

The same bartender later followed up with two additional shots at 12:04.  Again, he did not charge either for the shots.

In addition to serving beverages for which were unaccounted, the bartenders also were observed serving themselves alcohol.

Shortly after the two females were served free shots, Bartender 2 was observed quickly pouring himself a portion from one of the clear liquor bottles and quickly drinking it himself. This is an ADLLC violation. The liquor was also not accounted for and therefore a theft issue as well.

4-244. Unlawful acts

12. For a licensee, when engaged in waiting on or serving customers, to consume spirituous liquor or for a licensee or on-duty employee to be on or about the licensed premises while in an intoxicated or disorderly condition.

Later, at approximately 12:24 am, Bartender 3 was observed pouring a beverage for a customer.  He surreptitiously placed an empty rocks glass next to the concoction and poured a long pull of about two full finger lengths of straight vodka before putting the bottle away.  He then proceeded to hide the glass behind the shaker set up, apparently so that customers could not directly see the glass of alcohol, and left it there as he served the original concoction to the customer. 

Some time later, he conveniently came back to retrieve the glass, apparently thinking that sufficient time had elapsed and the drink therefore would not be suspected by guests of being liquor, and brought it to the opposite side of the bar.  The agent was unable to observe what became of the vodka as he was conveniently obscured, but Bartender 3 was undoubtedly hiding the drink from onlookers, as it was poured discreetly and carefully hidden. This liquor was not accounted for and therefore is also considered a theft occurrence.

4-244. Unlawful acts

12. For a licensee, when engaged in waiting on or serving customers, to consume spirituous liquor or for a licensee or on-duty employee to be on or about the licensed premises while in an intoxicated or disorderly condition.

At approximately 12:45 am, Bartender 4 was observed serving a customer and did not enter an order into the POS. 

At nearly the same time, Bartender 3 was again seen delivering free shots, without charging.

The agent had difficulty observing Bartender 5 due to the positioning of the crowd and the structure of the room.  She appeared to be pouring beverages consistently, and no integrity issues were noted; however, it is necessary to point out that this evaluation was based on limited exposure.

The agent also observed Bartender 4 constantly checking his cell phone, which he kept hidden on the back bar near the VIP ledge.

Overall, the conduct of the bartenders during this observation was rather unprofessional and irresponsible.  The agent observed free beverages being given away, grouped orders, and over-pouring.  Furthermore, the agent observed at least one bartender consuming alcohol, and another that at the very least intended to.  Irresponsible liquor service and a lack of diligent work ethic is an easy way put a liquor license in jeopardy.

The presumable MOD, a short Mediterranean male dressed in a suit, spent most of his time observing from the steps to the VIP section.  He was observed behind the bar on several occasions, giving the bartender hugs and fraternizing.  The agent found it surprising that he would not catch on to what was occurring.

When the agent was ready for the check, Xxxxx promptly presented an itemized copy of the receipt along with the agent’s card.  The receipt was relatively correct, although there was one possible manipulation (see the Beverage Addendum).                      


The agent decided to order a double gin and tonic to test the bartenders pouring skills.  Xxxxx poured the beverage using about a 7 count pour.  The beverage was stiff, and appropriately balanced for a double.  On the itemized copy of the receipt, the agent was shockingly only charged a single dollar for the double, as it appeared on the bill as “$$ rocks.”  Again, Agent found this highly surprising to have 1 nearly 1 ¼ oz of liquor for a dollar.  The agent does not know the establishment’s policy on double drinks, but would assume that a double would be twice the price, or at least more than $1.                             



Michael Zenner - CEO      
hospitality checkpoints Inc.  (blog)
Hospitality Checkpoint PLLC
PI Lic. 1597616

PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299
Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811

© hospitality checkpoints Inc. 2010

Bartender theft. Bartenders processing transactions from cash pile. Open drawer theft transactions.

June 15, 2010 22:59 by administrator

Bartender Summary                                                       

The following bartenders were observed the evening of the sixth:

  1. Bartender 1: Latina Female, 5'7", medium build, blonde hair past the shoulders pulled back in a ponytail, black XxxxxX tank top, black choker with transparent rose at front
  2. Bartender 2: Latino Male, 5-9, medium build, textured and gelled black hair and goatee, white tee shirt, black vest, upper arm tattoos
  3. Bartender 3:  Latina Female, 5'6", medium build, dark hair past the shoulders, black XxxxxX tank top, large hoop earrings
  4. Bartender 4:  Latina Female, 5'7", medium build, dark hair past the shoulders with bangs, black XxxxxX tank top under black cable-knit sweater, hoop earrings

The agent entered the bar and was very promptly greeted by Bartender 1.  She immediately took drink orders and presented drinks on cocktail napkins. 

After this first greeting, the agent never observed any bartender actively making an effort to solicit drink orders, nor asking if patrons wanted refills or additional drinks. This was surprising and disconcerting. Customers had to get their attention, and although it was easy enough to flag one down sales for the house and tips for bartenders would likely be improved by a bit more suggestive sales.

Nevertheless, the bartenders were very responsive and prepared drinks quickly, but the music was so loud it was hard to demonstrate friendliness or personality. 

All bartenders did an excellent job of using cocktail napkins for each drink. 

Some gaps were apparent in bartenders' proclivity to upsell: customers that asked for neat liquors or water without specifying a brand or bottled received a premium product without being asked, but none of the bartenders tried to up-sell the liquor in mixed drinks. 

Only Bartender 3 had a consistent 4-count pour (1 ½ oz).  The others were all extremely variable, with all varying between 6-count and eight count pours for all other drinks.  This means that a full third to half of the average liquor pour is not only being given away for free, it is also leading to patrons being served more than they anticipate, and actively discouraging them from ordering additional rounds, as they essentially get a free drink for every two. 

In one instance, at 22:34, a Bartender one was seen to pour an 8-count of Bombay sapphire, then notice that there was less than half an inch of liquor in the bottle and pour the last of it into the glass.  This means that she poured roughly three times the standard amount into one drink. 

Some small degree of variability in pours is understandable at busy times, but it is the agent's opinion that these should be serious red flags. Further, the agent suggests the immediate implementation of pour control measures such as blind pour-testing and scrupulous inventory compared against Aloha sales reports, and possibly a pour control system such as Posi-pour.  Posi-pour spouts are available in a number of sizes.

Please be advised that the one draw back of these spouts is that bartenders learn to lean or bounce the bottle for additional alcohol.

Pour testing on a reglar basis is usually the most effective means of control.

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The establishment could make good use of larger sized pour spouts since many wide-mouthed bottles had no spouts and their pours tended to be even more variable still.  In one case, the agent observed Bartender 2 pouring more than four ounces of liquor from such a bottle. That is a ridiculous amount of alcohol.

 Wider Free Pour Spout

padMedium flow, hard plastic free pour spout with oversized red cork to fit Patron bottles and most half-gallon and 1.75 liter bottles.

Other irregularities include Bartenders 2 and 4 both a glass in order to scoop ice, a practice that can lead to serious injury and liability for the establishment in the event of a patron swallowing small glass chipped off in the ice well.

Bartender 2 was also observed giving an unrung yellow drink in a Collins glass to a man photographing patrons (Latino Male, 5'6", stocky build, button-down shirt and slacks), who was also allowed behind the bar to take photos of patrons.  Drink was not recorded which Agent deems a theft issue.

Additionally, another man (Latino, 5'10", muscular build, dark flat-topped fade, Grey suit with black tee shirt) was allowed to come behind the bar three times over the course of the night, and walked away each times with bottles of soft drinks.  The agent suspects that the latter individual is in a position of authority at the establishment, but this is all the more reason why he would do well to either ring in his drinks as comps or ask an employee to do so for the sake of inventory controls. Agent would strongly suggest that management make it policy that no beverages whatsoever ever leave the bar without being accounted for.

The standard ordering process of the cocktail server (Latina female, blonde hair past the shoulders, black XxxxxX tank top and black pants) was similarly fraught with problems, as she would walk behind the bar to ring in her orders, then ask the bartenders to prepare the drinks every time. 

This system allows for the cocktail server to either misreport what she has rung in, or to just not ring anything in at all, leaving her free to pocket any cash.  Compared to this additional opportunity for employee fraud and theft, it would be relatively inexpensive and easy to install one more POS outside of the bar that would print to a new printer so that all drinks would be recorded. Alternatively, the low-tech solution would be for her to ask the bartenders to ring in and make the drinks, but this still would not remove the possibility of a cocktailer and bartender working together in collusion to defraud the establishment. 

In sum, and in the Agent’s opinion, this is a major breech in management’s security system and is a gapping hole for theft opportunity. 

Finally, all bartenders were making change from stacks of bills on top of their drawers that then eventually went into the tip boxes.  Agent was absolutely astounded by this practice. It is likely that this was just a practice to avoid having to make change from tips later, but this presents a huge opportunity to store un-rung cash for one's self on the drawer, or even to just waste time and make honest mistakes, as the number of times the money is counted and handled increases exponentially with this method.

In particular, Bartender 4 might have taken advantage of this system to pad her tips dishonestly, as she was observed at 22:50 and 23:27 ringing in cash orders very quickly in such a way that the total was not displayed on screen afterward as is usually the case.  Immediately afterward, she would make change from her pile of bills on top of the drawer, dealing with the customer as usual.  Since no total was displayed, the agent suspects she might have been deleting the orders immediately after having seen the prices but before sending the order, but it was observed only  twice and was done too quickly to say with certainty exactly what was done.  

This behavior in the bartenders’ process development of ringing drinks should be halted immediately. Agent cannot stress this enough. Agent cannot substantiate these numerous theft occurrences because of the aforementioned clearing of the screen; however, it is HIGHLY suspect and in the Agent’s opinion, the employees are exploiting this flaw in the system to steal, and probably great amounts of revenue too.

Additionally, management should instruct bartenders to not use an arm, head or any type of the body to obscure the screen, and additionally, be instructed that the practice of immediately “clearing” the screen will be help with immediate suspicion of theft.

Other than these instances, all bartenders recorded all drinks immediately after service and kept the register drawer closed after each transaction and did charge the appropriate amounts for drinks.  Generally, there were clearly many opportunities for theft, some of which the bartenders were taking advantage of, whether knowingly or not.

The bar top and back bar were kept generally clean, and the barback (Latino male, 5'8" closely cropped dark hair and narrow full beard) did an excellent job of moving with a sense of urgency and staying on top of his duties, but often when the bar staff was busy a few bottles would be out of place on the back bar.  Empty glassware and used napkins were cleared very quickly.  All bartenders were drinking unidentifiable drinks in glasses with ice behind bar, but no eating was observed.  Otherwise, all bartenders appeared hygienic and professional.

Bartenders 3 and 4 were seen to ignore the bar for four minutes at a time while texting nonstop from 22:40-22:44 and 22:34-22:38 respectively. 

All liquor laws were obeyed to the fullest with no over-serving or serving of uncarded patrons observed.

Michael Zenner - CEO  
hospitality checkpoints Inc.  (blog)
Hospitality Checkpoint PLLC
PI Lic. 1597616
PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299
Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811

© hospitality checkpoints Inc. 2010

Bartender Theft - Over Pouring Liquor for Larger Tips - Not Ringing in Drinks Right Away - The Infamous Drink "Hook-Up" - Grouping Drink Orders to Mask Bar Theft

April 2, 2010 21:22 by administrator

Bartender Summary

  • Bartender 1: Caucasian male with short brown hair. He had a slender build and wore a black button up shirt. He was identified as Xxxxxx.

Xxxxxx was very friendly and personable. He welcomed patrons as they approached his bar, and chatted with near by patrons during down times. He was located at the small bar near the patio, and next to the dance floor. He did not introduce himself when addressing the agent.

The agent approached Xxxxxx’s bar and was immediately greeted by him. He asked the agent for a drink order. He took the agent’s drink order, and quickly prepared the drinks. He served the drinks on the bar’s spill mats without napkins. He then advised the agent of the cost. After the agent asked to open a tab, Xxxxxx asked for a credit card. He started the tab on the POS and kept the card.

The agent proceeded to order the same drinks from all of the service staff in the establishment in order to see if there was a pattern in the amount charged for the drinks.

The agent found that all bar staff charged the same amount for the drinks they served whether the agent was paying with a credit card or with cash.

At the end of the agent’s evaluation with Xxxxxx, the tab was closed quickly and reflected the correct drink orders. Xxxxxx did not present his check in a black check presenter. Rather, he left the receipt on the bar top with a pen placed on it. The agent did not witness Xxxxxx give away any drinks, or do any over pours.

However, the agent was informed by a server that Xxxxxx would “hook up” people who he liked. In fact, the server who informed the agent of this took the agent’s order and returned with a double of the drink that was ordered. She attributed the stronger drink to Xxxxxx, and said the agent should get the rest of the drinks from him.

The agent tried to receive a similar “hook up” later on. Xxxxxx was not as generous in his pour to the agent as he was to the server.

  • Bartender 2: Caucasian male with a bald head and muscular build. He had a tribal tattoo on his right arm. His name tag identified him as Xxxxxx.

Xxxxxx was pretty friendly to the patrons he served. The agent observed him servicing patrons with a positive demeanor and a professional urgency. He would serve drinks and then immediately ring them into the POS system and collect payment.

Xxxxxx was busy when the agent approached the bar, but still made eye contact with the agent within 30 seconds. He finished collecting payment for the drink he had just served, and proceeded to service the agent.

He asked the agent for a drink order. He then attempted to up sell the drink to a premium liquor.  He served the drink on the bar using cocktail napkins, then announced the cost of the drink order. He collected payment and made change appropriately, and accurately.

Xxxxxx did not give away any drinks during the evaluation period. Likewise, Xxxxxx input every drink order that he served into the POS and collected payment or credit card. The agent was pleased by his work ethic, demeanor, and honesty during the evaluation.

Xxxxxx was very good about using a jigger to measure his pour. At no time did the agent see him free pour drinks, or over pour drinks. Drink orders were an appropriate size, and always garnished properly and placed on cocktail napkins.

  • Bartender 3: Caucasian female with no name tag. She had brown hair that she wore in a pony tail, and hoop earrings.

The agent observed that bartender 3 could frequently free pour her drinks, and then over pour many of them. Additionally, her work demeanor seemed rushed and disorganized. She poured drinks and served them to patrons who placed their empty glassware on the bar. She collected payment and input the orders into the POS and then moved on to a new drink order without removing the nearby empty glassware from the bar. As a result the area around her was often filled with dirty glasses and napkins on the bar.

The agent did not witness this bartender giving away any drinks during the evaluation period. All of her drinks were served in the appropriate glass sizes. However, as mentioned earlier, the bartender’s pours were not consistent and often heavy.

  • Bartender 4: Caucasian male with a thicker build. He was identified as Xxxxxx.

Xxxxxx was very abrasive and a little rude. At one point, the agent observed Xxxxxx very sternly tell a patron that happy hour had ended, thus beers now cost more. The agent believes that Xxxxxx rubbed a lot of patrons the wrong way and seemed angry.

Xxxxxx did use cocktail napkins, and cleaned the bar around him when serving drinks

The agent also observed that Xxxxxx would often group ring in his orders. He would take and server at least two orders before ringing in all of the orders into the POS. The agent believes that the practice of group ring ins to be very dangerous as there is a tendency to make mistakes, or mis-rings when the bartender gets overwhelmed. He may very well be using this technique to mask bar theft; however, it cannot be substantiated.

Agent recommends that management instruct bartenders that this method or ringing is strictly prohibited and any further occurrences will be viewed as a theft occurrence.

Michael Zenner - CEO  

hospitality checkpoints Inc.  (blog)
Hospitality Checkpoint PLLC
PI Lic. 1597616

PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299
Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811

© hospitality checkpoints Inc. 2010

Bartender Theft, Not Ringing Drinks, Intoxicated Patrons, Liquor Liability Issues, Dram Shop Issue.

April 1, 2010 00:29 by administrator

Bartender Summary:

1.      Bartender 1:  Caucasian female, short dark hair, tattoos on arms

2.      Bartender 2:  Caucasian male, short hair, glasses

The agent approached the bar top and was greeted by Bartender 1 within one minute.  Bartender 1 was not friendly, did not smile, and asked the agent and associate what we would like to drink in a very hurried manner.  The agent and associate ordered two drinks and Bartender 1 quickly fulfilled the drink order and then stated the amount owed by memory.  The agent provided Bartender 1 with a cash bill, and Bartender 1 moved to the cash register and was seen entering in the amount stated and then Bartender 1 returned back to the agent with the correct amount of change.  Each interaction with Bartender 1 went similarly, and each time she seemed less and less friendly. 

Each time, Bartender 1 did record the transactions into the cash register.  Two drinks were ordered through Bartender 2, and he was quiet but seemed friendlier than Bartender 1.  Bartender 2 handled the transactions similar to Bartender 1, in that he would deliver the drinks; verbally state the amount owed, and then register the cash provided into the cash register. 

The agent did observe a few questionable interactions with patrons that the bartenders apparently knew on a personal level. 

·        At 11:35pm the agent observed two male patrons at the bar top get served two beers by Bartender 1, and the agent did not see Bartender 1 collect any cash from these patrons.  Bartender 1 communicated with these patrons on a very familiar level and seemed to know them on a personal basis.  No transaction was made.

·        Another group of patrons, a larger group of six or more people, appeared to be well known by both bartenders.  The agent observed multiple instances in which this group of patrons was served drinks but the agent did not observe these drinks recorded into the cash register.  Moreover, the agent did notice rather large tips being provided to the bartenders from this group of patrons – just not register transactions. 

This same large group of patrons caused quite a spectacle within the establishment, as they were extremely intoxicated. 

At one point, a male patron from that group removed his shirt and proceeded to dance around the establishment, finally ending up rolling around shirtless on one of the pool tables.  This male patron continued to be served alcohol, and was seen posing for pictures with many of his friends. 


4-244. Unlawful acts

14. For a licensee or other person to serve, sell or furnish spirituous liquor to a disorderly or obviously intoxicated person, or for a licensee or employee of the licensee to allow or permit a disorderly or obviously intoxicated person to come into or remain on or about the premises, except that a licensee or an employee of the licensee may allow an obviously intoxicated person to remain on the premises for a period of time of not to exceed thirty minutes after the state of obvious intoxication is known or should be known to the licensee in order that a nonintoxicated person may transport the obviously intoxicated person from the premises. For purposes of this section, "obviously intoxicated" means inebriated to the extent that a person's physical faculties are substantially impaired and the impairment is shown by significantly uncoordinated physical action or significant physical dysfunction that would have been obvious to a reasonable person.

Bartender 2 was observed smoking cigarettes outside the front entrance on a few occasions, and he was not seen washing his hands after smoking at any time.    

Michael Zenner - CEO  
hospitality checkpoints Inc.  (blog)
Hospitality Checkpoint PLLC
PI Lic. 1597616

PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299
Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811

© hospitality checkpoints Inc. 2010

Bartender Theft, Free Drinks, Employee Liquor Consumption - Liquor Liabilities.

March 23, 2010 18:07 by administrator

Bartender Summary:

Note:  Agent was told by a member of security that the establishment has seven bars.  During the two hour period, Agent was only able to visit five of the seven bars.  The following evaluations have been separated by bar.  Please note the general description of the bar as a reference.

Bar 1:  Xxxxxxxxxxxx of the pool tables

  • Bartender A:  Xxxxx female, approximately 5’5” tall, thin build, long, straight, highlighted hair (Xxxxx on Xxxxx)
  • Bartender B:  Xxxxx female, approximately 5’4” tall, stocky build, very curly Xxxxx hair

Name on Agent’s receipt reads “Xxxxx”

Agent and associates approached Bar 1 at 10:50PM.  The bar was observed to be very busy in an objective viewpoint.  Agent was requested to report speed/politeness of staff. Bartender A made eye contact with us within two minutes.  Bartender A elicited a drink order from the Agent over the din. Service was reported to be fast.  Bartender A did not make any connection with the Agent. Service is reported to be impolite.

Bartender A poured a solid 6-count highball.  Agent is not privy to the facilities standardized official pour count; therefore, will as a general rule, default to the national  standard highball contains about 1.5-ounces of liquor(4-count = 1.5 oz.). From this 4 count standard a 6-count highball is objectively flagged as an over pour. 

Bartender A served the drinks, sans beverage napkins (Agent cannot attest if this is a standard at this location or not, but reports it as such), and then asked Agent if they would like to start a tab or pay cash.  Agent handed over a credit card and asked Bartender A to go ahead and close it out.  Bartender A moved to the POS system. Agent noted Bartender A accounted for all drinks ordered accurately.

Bartender B also pours a 6-count highball. 

Bartender B was observed handling cash ethically, and counting change back accurately for guests.

Agent and associates sat at this bar for approximately 30 minutes observing operations.  At approximately 11PM, Bartender A was observed preparing three, pink-colored shots for customers at the end of the bar.  Bartender A personally consumed one of the alcohol shots. Agent did not observe manager approval. Bartender A failed to ring up the shots on the POS or account for the liquor order in any matter apparent to Agent.

At 11:15PM, Bartender A greeted two male patrons. It was objectively obvious to Agent that Bar A was acquainted with the patrons. The male patrons ordered 4 bottled beers, but Agent observed Bartender A charge for only two beers.  Agent audibly heard Bartender A state that the other two beers “are on me.” 


Bar 2:  Xxxxxxxxxxxxxxx of the pool tables, characterized by a Xxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx xxxxxxxxxxxxx

  • Bartender C:  Xxxxx male, approximately 5’7” tall, with short, xxxx-xxxx hair under a ball cap; he has a goatee
  • Bartender D:  Xxxxx female, approximately 5’8” tall, shoulder-length Xxxxx hair

Name on Agent’s receipt reads “Xxxxx”

Agent and associates took seats at Bar 2 at approximately 11:20PM.  This bar was observed to be very busy.  When we arrived, Bartender C was busy preparing approximately 15 shooters for a group of guests around the bar, while Bartender D took drink orders from the other guests around the bar. 

We waited approximately five minutes for service.

Bartender C waited on us as soon as he was available.  He was friendly and welcoming.  Agent would classify this as “polite” as instructed by management.

Drinks were prepared quickly and served without beverage napkins. 

Bartender C prepares highballs with a 6-count pour.  (4-count= 1.5 oz.) 

Bartender C offered to start a tab for us, but Agent instead presented a credit card and asked for the tab to be closed out.  Bartender C presented Agent with receipts. He did not have a pen when presenting bill. One was presented <1 minute later. 

Agent and associates sat at Bar 2 for approximately 50 minutes.  At approximately midnight, Agent observed as Bartender D prepared Rumplemintz shots for her bar guests.  Once prepared and served, Bartender D had two shots left over for herself and for another male employee behind the bar. The two consumed the shots and then continued working. Bartender A failed to ring up the shots on the POS or account for the liquor order in any matter apparent to Agent.

(Agent believed this man may have been a barback, but later he was observed answering a question for a bartender that seemed to be about the POS system.  Thus, he may have been the manager and therefore approved of the employee alcohol consumption.  He is a Xxxxx male, approximately 5’9” tall, with light Xxxxx hair under his ball cap.  His face was scruffy, but without full facial hair.) 

Bartender D also serves a solid 6-count highball.

Agent observed a plastic cup on the backbar filled with a dark Xxxxx liquid.  Agent did not see which bartender was drinking this drink and also cannot confirm that it was alcohol based.


Bar 3:  Second Floor, Left side when facing the rear of the building (larger than the bar on the right side)

  • Bartender E:  Xxxxx male, approximately 5’7” tall; he has Xxxxx, wavy hair under a ball cap; his face was scruffy without the presence of full facial hair

Agent and associates approached Bar 3 at 12:15PM. Every stool at the bar was taken and there was a row of guests behind the bar stools waiting to be served.  Bartender E was working alone and was observed NOT to be “fast” as instructed to observe by management. 

On several occasions, Bartender E was observed to be objectively confused and stare at his liquor display for several minutes. 

Agent noted that Bartender E groups orders to ring in the POS. 

Agent waited for service at Bar 3 for 20 minutes without service or eye contact from Bartender E.  Due to time constraints and the number of bars still needing visits, Agent made a professional judgment call to move on without further observing Bartender E. 

Bar 4:  Second Level, Right side when facing the rear of the building

  • Bartender F:  Xxxxx female, approximately 5’3” tall; she has long, thick, curly Xxxxx hair.

Name on Agent’s receipt reads “Xxxxx”

Bartender F proved to be skilled and efficient in service.  Agent navigated crowd to the bartop and received immediate eye contact and a friendly service from Bartender F.

Service was provided within 2 minutes.  Bartender F took our drink order at 12:40PM and fulfilled it promptly.  She moved to the POS and rang in the drink order.  She quoted a price, and Agent handed her a card with the instruction to close out the tab.  Bartender F closed out the card and handed Agent receipts to sign.

She pours a spot-on 5-count for highballs each and every time without deviation ever.

While seated at Bar 4, Agent observed Bartender F working with the man Agent had suspected was a barback.  This employee (a Xxxxx male, approximately 5’9” tall, with light Xxxxx hair under his ball cap) seemed to be answering a question for Bartender F about the POS system.  At this point, Agent was unsure of this man’s role in the establishment. 

Bar 5:  Smoking Bar, Top Floor

  • Bartender G:  Xxxxx male, approximately 5’11” tall, clean shaven but scruffy, light Xxxxx hair under a ball cap

The smoking bar on the top floor was less busy than the other bars in the establishment.  Bartender G was neither fast nor slow. He was observed “polite” to some guests and obtuse to others.

Agent arrived at Bar 5 at approximately 1AM and sat for about 15 minutes.  At approximately 1:07, Agent observed Bartender G consume a shot of Dark Sambucca with a bar guest.  Agent did not observe manager approval. Bartender A failed to ring up the shots on the POS or account for the liquor order in any matter apparent to Agent.

Bartender G pours an inconsistent 5-count highball. Agent observed one rum and Coke observed was poured with a 7-count and served in a pint glass. 

Michael Zenner - CEO  

hospitality checkpoints Inc.  (blog)
Hospitality Checkpoint PLLC
PI Lic. 1597616

PO BOX 995 Gilbert AZ 85299
Office: 480-777-7056
Toll Free: 800-880-0811